Need Foot Orthotics? Understanding Overpronation And Supination

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While you can get over-the-counter foot inserts to better support your arch and feet in worn shoes, it's better to get customized orthotics since everyone has a different' gait. Rolling your foot to far inward or outward when you walk or run can increase the risk of injury and lead to other issues. Learn more about anatomical terms like overpronation and supination and why it's important to know your gait when getting fitted for orthotics.

What Do Overpronation and Supination Mean?

Pronation is a term for the natural motion of your foot when you walk. If you have neutral pronation, then you have fairly even balance when walking and forces are evenly distributed as your heel, ball of foot, and toes strike down.

If you tend to overpronate your foot, this means that you tend to favor the inside of your foot and forces tend to distribute through the large toe and inside of the arch. If you find that your ankles roll outward, and your weight tends to distribute to your small toes and outer edge of your foot, then you have supinated gait.

What Issues Do People Face with Overpronation and Supination?

People who overpronate their feet tend to have flat feet or collapsed arches, where the tendons in the foot do not pull tightly enough. People with overpronation are more at risk for knee pain and tibial stress syndrome (shin splints), since more force is running up the large toe and through the tibia bone and its connected muscles.

If you have foot supination, you are also at risk for certain issues. People with supinated gaits are at a greater risk for sprains since the ankle tends to roll outward. Supination also increases the risk of iliotibialband syndrome (ITBS)—especially in runners. During ITBS, the ligament extending from the pelvic bone to the shinbone becomes so tight, it can cause friction on the thighbone and the outside of the knee.

Unlike overpronators, which tend to have flat feet, supinators may have foot arches that are too high. Arches that are too high can be rigid can put you at risk for inflammatory tissue conditions, like plantar fasciitis or Achilles tendinitis.

Which Type of Orthotics Do you Need?

As you can see, because supination and overpronation cause different issues, it's important to reach out to an orthopedist or a podiatrist to get customized orthotics.

Along with an orthotic, people with overpronation may benefit from motion-control shoes. These types of shoes limit excessive foot motions and provide additional medial support and cushioning for fallen arches.

Orthotics for people with supination might not only support the foot, they may also have an attached ankle brace to keep the ankle from rolling outward.

Contact an orthopedist, like Bio  Tech Prosthetics and Orthotics , in your area today for more information. He or she can have you perform a gait analysis on a treadmill to see if you are walking well. He or she can take x-rays and use other diagnostic tools to help you get the best orthotics and help you prevent injury.

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30 July 2020

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